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                【高中】英國大學申請指南 | A guide to the UK University Application Process

                2021-05-13

                對於尋求海外高等教育的中國高中生而言,英國是備受推崇和受歡迎的目的地:(根據中國學生及家長經常參考的QS世界大學排名) 2021全球排名前十的大學中,英國占了4所。由於相對簡單的申請流程,以及4年內可以完成本科和碩士學位,英國大學是很有吸引力的。

                Senior School students in China seeking higher education oversees, view the UK as a respected and popular destination: 4 of the Top Ten Universities in 2021 (as ranked by QS, the preferred ranking system in China) are in the UK. With a comparatively straightforward application process, and the potential to progress through an Undergraduate degree to a Masters-level degree in 4 years, UK universities are attractive.


                【高中】英國大學申請指南


                英國大學種類繁多,很容易選擇困難。既要考慮大學整體排名,也要考慮各院系和專業/學科排名,還有一個重要的考慮因素是生活費用:英國的生活成本,人與人之間差別巨大。

                There are a wide range of UK universities for students and making a choice can be challenging. Consider the university’s ranking overall, but you should also consider the rating of individual departments. The next decision is your choice of subject (sometimes referred to as a Major). Also, a key consideration should be your likely living expenses: the cost of living in the UK can vary widely.  


                 升學申請Q&A 


                Q1:在英國上大學是什麽感受?

                What is it like to learn in a UK University?


                在英國讀本科,你將體驗到不同類型的教學與學習。主要有三種類型,另外還有一些其他的體驗。舉個例子,如果你讀醫學專業,那麽就會體驗到基於問題的學習方式。

                在一場講座中█,一位教授可能要對100多▓名學生進行長達兩個小時的講授。這個過程會介紹和覆蓋到大量的信息,一個學生想要完全跟上講座的內容,提前閱讀相關材料就是必不可少的。

                為了補充和擴展學生在講座中獲得的知識,還有分組研討、擴展閱讀和小組討論等學習形式。課後輔導一般是小組討論的形式,其主要目的是答疑、收集反饋和檢查作業完成的情況。

                通常,英國大學會有一系列的設施和服務來支持學生的學術學習。圖書館一天24小時,一周7天都開放,並且藏書豐富。有時圖書館會分專業藏書,而且,在有特殊需求時,登記在冊的學生可以申請館際互借。圖書館內設有各種各樣的學習和會議區域。許多大學也都有單獨的自習室,這些地方在考試前很受歡迎!大學也提供學術語言方面的支持,包括學術英語、學術寫作技能,數據庫的使用、書目編制和引用規範等。

                As an undergraduate at a UK University, you will experience a different type of teaching and learning. There are three main formats, and some additional experiences such as problem-based learning, if you study, for example, medicine.

                In a lecture, a professor might address over 100 students in a presentation that can last up to two hours. A lot of information will be introduced and covered at pace, and pre-reading materials are essential for students who want to fully follow the topics.

                Seminars supplement and extend the knowledge acquired in lectures through further reading and small-group discussion.  Tutorials are small group discussion meetings the main purpose of which is to answer any questions, collect feedback and check progress on assignments.  

                You can expect a range of facilities and services to support your academic work. Libraries are usually open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and are well-stocked with developed collections. Sometimes libraries will have specialist collections, also, registered students can apply for an inter-library loan if a specific title is required. There will also be a variety of different areas for study and meeting, including in many universities, individual study rooms – these are popular in the run-up to examinations! Language support in EAP and academic writing and skills are offered, as well as guidance in database use, bibliography building and citation, for example.


                在英國上大學是什麽感受?


                Q2:在英國生活的文化優勢是什麽?

                What are the cultural advantages of life in the UK?


                在英國生活,文化體驗極其豐富。除了大不列顛群島和愛爾蘭外,坐飛機到歐洲其他地方只需一個多小時,也可以坐火車、自駕和坐船都可以到達。同時,也很容易申請到去歐洲國家旅遊的申根簽證。

                The cultural advantages of life in the UK are myriad. Beyond the U.K. and Ireland, Europe is little more than an hour away by air, and reachable by rail, road, and sea. It is easy to apply for a Schengen visa permitting travel through European countries.


                在英國生活的文化優勢是什麽?


                Q3:申請系統如何運行?

                How does the application system work?


                英國大學申請系統稱為UCAS,這是大學申請服務的英文縮寫。這是一項集中式服務,意味著此處最多可提交5門大學課程的申請:也可將其視為匹配學生和大學的平臺。在這5個課程中,可選其中一個為第一誌願(最強烈地想要被錄取的專業,並且已達到或期望達到該專業的入學成績);同時再選一個為“保險”誌願,根據自己的進步和學習水平,這是學生認為自己已達到或能夠輕松滿足入學要求的大學專業。

                The UK University applications system is called UCAS which is the acronym for the University and Colleges Application Service. It is a centralized service meaning that one application here will be submitted to up to 5 university courses: think of it as a platform for matching students and universities. Within the 5 course choices you elect a first choice (the one you want to attend most strongly, and for which you hold, or expect to hold, the entry grades). Also elect an ‘insurance’ choice; according to your own level of progress and learning, this is the university course for which you feel you meet or will comfortably meet the entrance requirements.


                四個主要步驟

                The Four Main Steps


                首先,建立一個在線UCAS賬戶——學生的就讀學校會幫助完成這一項。

                First, set up an online UCAS account – your school will help you do this.

                建立一個在線UCAS賬戶

                輸入學生個人信息和教育背景

                Enter your personal details and educational background.

                輸入學生的選課信息

                Enter your course choices.

                接下來,上傳學生的個人陳述

                Next, enter your personal statement.

                最後,學生的就讀學校將上傳推薦信(和預測成績,供學生在獲得12年級國際考成績之前申請大學使用)

                Finally, your school will enter a reference (and predicted grades, for students applying before they have their Grade 12 results).

                點擊“支付並發送”,申請便發送成功

                Click ‘Pay and Send’ and that is your application sent.  


                Q4:英國大學如何篩選學生?

                How do UK universities shortlist students?


                一般來說,招生專員會審核申請▓材料並聯系相關導師。在英國,大學申請以專業為導向(這一點也適用於指導學生的個人陳述)。招生團隊青睞的是有明顯學術能力的學生,申請人應該表現出自己喜歡他們的專業。申請人還應展示其具有進一步學習的潛力以及對該領域的持續興趣。在此階段,一個學生的申請將與其他學生的進行橫向對比,做好準備,這可能很難!

                Generally, admissions officers review application and consult with target professors; in the UK this is subject focused (and you should use this fact to guide your approach in your personal statement). Admissions teams look for students with clear academic abilities, and candidates should show that they enjoy their subject. Candidates should also show their potential for further learning and ongoing interest in the subject. At this stage, your application will be compared with those of other students, and be prepared, it can be hard!


                英國大學如何篩選學生?


                Q5:學生可以準備什麽?

                What can students do to prepare?


                簡而言之,在高█中期間,學生應該按年級遵循以下關鍵步驟:

                · 九年級十年級時,你應該與老師、導師和校友一起,確定自己的方向,發展自己的興趣;

                · 十一年級時,你應該專註於你的目標學科並確定一個專業;同時,在學業上要有明確的進步,取得突破!

                · 十二年級-全力以赴!遞交申請後,盡一切努力達到你需要的成績。

                In a nutshell, during Senior School you should try to follow these key steps grade-by-grade:

                · Senior years 1 and 2 – with your teachers, tutor and alumni, figure out your direction and develop your interest.

                · Senior year 3 – focus on your target discipline and decide on a subject; also, focus to make clear academic progress and achieve a breakthrough!

                · Senior year 4 – really go for it! With your application submitted, make all the effort to achieve the grades you need.


                學生可以準備什麽?


                Q6:應該避免什麽?

                What should be avoided?


                · 只關註你的主修課而忽視了提高你的英語水平——保持兩者平衡;

                Focusing only on your core subjects and neglecting to develop your English proficiency – keep both in balance.

                · 很遲才找目標學科——力求在九年級十年級通過學校提供的所有擴展課來發掘自己的興趣;

                Running late to find your subject – aim to use all of the School’s enrichment opportunities to explore your interest fully over Senior years 1 and 2.

                · 在個人陳述中過於詳盡地羅列非學術活動——根據目標學科要有針對性;

                Exhaustively documenting non-academic activities in the Personal Statement – target this to your subject instead.

                · 太晚開始與目標專業有關聯的閱讀——早點開始,多看紀錄片、雜誌和書籍;

                Starting to ‘read around’ your subject too late – get an early start and consume documentaries, journals and books.


                Q7:父母應該怎麽做?

                What should parents do?


                家長應該著眼於宏觀管理,而不是微觀管理;我們學校經過反復驗證,已經形成一個申請體系,為學生提供強有力的支持,幫助他們申請到英國最好的大學。通過參加學校工作坊和會議,與孩子們共同討論和探索,我們可以幫助學生自己決定申請哪所大學和學習哪個專業。因此,請充分與學校的專家和導師溝通,有任何疑慮都可以交流。

                要相信孩子們,鼓勵他們! 幫助他們保持平衡和積極的心態。通常,在大學裏學習什麽,在哪裏學習,是學生做出的第一個重大人生決定。如果沒有得到正確的支持和引導,這個決定可能會讓孩子們感到壓力。

                In short, parents should aim to macro manage, not micro manage; the school has a tried and tested process by which students are supported in making strong applications to the best UK universities. Help your child decide for themselves which university to apply to and which course to study by attending school workshops and meetings, and by discussing and exploring with your son or daughter. Use the school’s experts and tutors and communicate any concerns.

                Believe in your child and encourage! Help them keep a balanced and motivated mindset; often, what to study at university, and where, is the first big life decision a student makes and it can be experienced as stressful, without the right support.


                父母應該怎麽做?


                Q8:廣州亚洲通公學高中部如何支持競爭激烈的英國大學申請?

                How does the Senior School at FCG support competitive applications to UK universities?


                廣州亚洲通公學在職涯和大學申請方面為學生提供廣泛的支持。我們有專家聆聽學生的問題、閱讀正在撰寫過程中的個人陳述和幫助學生探索自己的興趣。更加正式的流程包括:

                個人導師——每位學生都有一位個人導師,在大學申請和職涯規劃導師的指導下工作,以幫助學生獲取所需要的信息。導師會幫助學生認識自己,確定方向,尋找到一個清晰的視角。另外,導師還會幫助學生有計劃地安排拓展活動和人生經歷,如競賽,夏校,實習和實驗;

                信息咨詢會——針對學生和家長舉辦研討會和講座,幫助我們的學生熟悉所有的大學系統,而不僅僅是英國的;

                跟蹤——學術團隊將持續跟蹤和把控學科和英語水平的情況,並幫助學生制定入學和語言測試的策略;

                校友——學生可以通過由亚洲通公學和博實樂學校組成的全球性的校友網絡來獲得支持。

                FCG’s careers and university provision is wide ranging; there is always an expert available to hear student questions, read work-in-progress personal statements and explore motivation. More formal provision includes:

                Personal Tutor – Every pupil has a personal tutor who works under the direction of the University and Careers Tutor to help students access the information they need. Tutors also help students to know themselves, establish a sense of direct and achieve a clear line of sight. And tutors help their students plan and schedule enrichment activities and experiences, such as competitions, summer schools, internships, and experiments.

                Information Events – Seminars and talks for students and parents help our students get familiar with all university systems, not only the UK.  

                Tracking – The academic team tracks and monitors progress in subjects and in English proficiency and helps students strategy plan for entrance and language tests.

                Alumni – Students access an alumni network that spans the world supported by alumni from Fettes College, and from Bright Scholar schools.


                廣州亚洲通公學




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